Envisions an enlightened global community where everybody feels life is good.
Hello, everybody! You are precious to us. We love you and so as a token of love we offer you a glorious opportunity to enjoy the essence of the kind of education you love and the career you enjoy.
Launches Our Next Generation School Ideas with the sole objective of producing leaders who would invite changes for the better.
Lands concepts such as “learner friendly education and people friendly governance” on soild grounds for concrete action towards accomplishing tasks and achieving results
Hello! My name’s Oscine. I’m a school teacher. I always plan my time and work my plan. No wonder I achieve excellence ------my profession.
I’m an early riser. My morning always starts -----five o’ clock. I brush and take two glasses------ warm water and have a shower. Then I do “MY BOS” (Master Your Brain Operating System) exercise ------forty minutes. I get dressed and pray------ ten minutes.
After prayer I go walking. I usually walk fast ----- half an hour. ------seven o’ clock I return home and watch a bit ------ news ------ T.V. After discussing the latest news ------ my family members I prepare the day’s schedule. Then I arrange them in the order ------priority. I eat my breakfast------- seven thirty and eight, work ------ nine o’clock and go to school punctually ------ nine fifteen.
The School Assembly starts----- nine twenty and classes----- nine thirty. We work ---- 12.45 and I generally eat my lunch ------- 1 p.m. After lunch I relax ----- ten minutes.
The afternoon session starts ----- 1.30 and we work----- 4p.m. After school I play ----- some forty minutes. Tennis is my favourite game. I don’t waste my time watching tennis but I use my time playing it.
I return home ------- 5p.m., spend some good time chatting ------- my parents, brothers and sister. I read my books and prepare ----- the next day’s classes ----- 7.30. Then I have my dinner-----all at home.
We talk a lot over food and watch T.V.
At 8.30 I resume my work. I relax a little reading my favourite books, particularly books ----- self development. And the last thing I do is to make sure I have accomplished everything I had planned.
I thank the Lord ------ the good day and pray------- a better tomorrow. I go to bed------ ten and enjoy a good night’s sleep. Thank you, friends ------the good time.
Hello, friends! Good morning everybody.
It’s indeed my pleasure describing my village. I live in Azhagappapuram. It’s a beautiful village. It’s a farming village, too. Most of our people take to farming. Our village is located between Anjugramam and Mylaudy on the Anjugramam Nagercoil road.
It’s around ten kilometers to the North of Kanyakumari. So tourists come to our village on their way to Kanyakumari.
Our ancestors highly valued education. So they wanted a school in the village. They soon realized their educational aspirations. Yes, the first school in our village was founded in 1915 by a great teacher in his own house. With the support of some few teachers and the philanthropists of our village the school gradually developed from lower primary to Grade V. And in 1921 the founders dedicated the school to the village. In those days the village school was called “Thinnai Pallikoodam” (Home School).
Patronage of education poured in from every family and every individual of our neighborhood. Happily, today there are two higher secondary schools, a high school, a primary school and a play school in our village. There are two health care centers, Govt. Primary Health Center and Velankanni Hospital, serving the cause of health promotion in our village.
Our parents highly value formal education. So, all the children attend school. Our villagers are hard workers. Many of our men work in the gulf countries. Some few work in Europe, U S A, U K, Japan, Australia and Africa.
We love everybody and live in perfect harmony. I like my village and love all my neighbors.
Hello! Good morning friends
I live in Muttom. It’s my native village. I like my village and love everyone here. It’s a beautiful place.
Muttom is a fishing village located sixteen kilometers to the South West of Nagercoil.
Catholics make up most of the population here and they do a variety of jobs. Majority of the people are fishermen. They go fishing every day. Most of the people are matriculates.
Muttom has a primary school, a higher secondary school, a C B S E school and a college of education. Work has begun on the construction of a medical college.
Muttom has a clean and beautiful beach. The fishing harbor and the Children’s Park add to the loveliness of the seaside resort. Children play games and enjoy a lot of fun there. You are welcome to Muttom. Thank you.
Once there lived a teacher. He was very honest and quite straight forward with everyone he met, particularly his school children. On his first day at school he introduced himself saying he was just an average teacher. As he was a fresher from the college of education and as he didn’t have any exposure to schools he thought he would be an average sort of teacher. So he said to his class children if he worked out four problems two would be right and two would be wrong. Self introduction over, Mr. Straightforward turned to the blackboard to start his lessons. He wrote “Algebra” on the black board and asked his children to define Algebra. As there was no response, he turned to see the class. As can be expected all the students had left the class.
All of us have a body, mind and spirit. We are able to see the body, feel the mind and realize the spirit, the soul, the TRUE SELF or the presence of God within us.
Spirituality is the quality of being able to love everybody unconditionally and live every moment in its fullness.
GOD is LOVE and LOVE is GOD, both are inseparable.
GOD reflects Himself in every human person.
God is present in every human person in the form of SPIRIT. Those who realize the presence of GOD/SPIRIT within are as divine, as powerful, as creative and as loving as GOD Himself.
Those who LIVE LOVE and PROMOTE LOVE are spiritual leaders.
(For spiritual enlightenment please feel free to contact us at +91- 944 2831216 or mail your queries to email@example.com Our faculty will answer them.)
Once there lived a king. He loved his people so dearly that he wanted them get the best gifts of life and enjoy every moment in its fullness. So he called the wise men of his court and told them to go round the globe, visit libraries, do research, interact with the sages of other countries and return with the magic formula of getting the best gifts this life can offer.
Afterwards what happened?
What did the wise men do?
Were they able to work out the gift formula?
Was the formula acceptable to the king and his people?
Please watch the play for answers.
It may be easy to answer the question by saying that the developing countries are poor because they are poor. The question again is why so? The main reason is population explosion. Whatever progress made by this category of countries is effectively counterbalanced by an ever increasing population. It is like a typical family. If the number of children is more than four and the daily or monthly income moderately increases, the typical family will have problems in later years to make ends meet. It won’t have a scope of savings and its financial difficulties will keep multiplying. Similarly a country, having to take care of over a billion people, will always find itself scuffing for cash. Even if it makes significant progress in mopping up revenues, expenses would outpace those. The result is low or no savings. Such countries are usually forced to apply for loans from international banks and financial institutions. After having got the funds, the recipient developing countries would find it difficult to repay or debt-service as undertaken by them.
Another aspect that typifies a developing country is its grossly inadequate sanitation and hygiene. The consequence of this is outbreak of diseases and at times epidemics. The main reason for this serious shortcoming is meager allocation of funds and resources for up-keep of the country. It is like a Domino Effect. One bad occurrence will trigger off a chain of several reverses.
In this context, it might be appropriate to invoke China, the emerging super power (or, already one?) Before 1975, China was lagging behind India in all walks of life. Its Per Capita income was nearly half of India’s. Undaunted, China was in search of the main reason why it was lagging behind several countries of the world, including India. It figured out that rapid population growth rate had prevented it from making real progress and lift its population out of poverty and squalor. After considerable deliberations, China promulgated an ordinance that ordered each Chinese couple not to bear more than one child. The one-child policy made the people wary. It is customary for any couple anywhere to have two children, at least: one heir, one spare. But the Chinese were abruptly deprived of that small luxury. They were disallowed to have more than one child. If anyone broke the rule, he would lose the government provided benefits like subsidized food ration, health care, bank loan, etc. Gradually, the Chinese people started complying with the strict one-child policy. The population slowly stabilized and eased the pressure that had built on the nation. In about 10-15 years, China made giant strides in major areas like industry and infrastructure. This made China a favorable location for world factories. It attracted billions and billions of foreign direct investments. Soon, the Chinese per capita income and purchasing power leapfrogged. The world started looking at China with awe. As religions had been banned long since, Chinese had a lot of time at their disposal, unlike many other countries, which wasted time on glorifying imaginary gods and fighting wars on religious lines.
If other developing countries want to grow rapidly and shed the “developing country” tag, they can very well replicate what China did to defeat the odds and forge ahead to write a success story.
To be honest, the Chinese experience is no panacea. It may not work in other places. But it is worth trying to eradicate poverty, penury, ill-health, illiteracy, superstitions, and lack of cleanliness prevalent in developing countries. A confident big push might do the trick!
This is my father. His name is Fog. He is fifty-five. He is a journalist and a travel writer. He travels around the world, meets people of different cultures and shares his experience in the social media. His little articles which appear in the social media are very much appreciated by the global community.
This is my mother. Her name’s Isabel. She is fifty two. She is a software engineer. She has a talent for painting. So she paints pictures during her spare time and gifts them to friends and neighbors. Everybody admires her paintings and adorn the walls of their homes with her paintings.
These are my grandparents. They are retired teachers. They are good at story telling. So we listen to their stories before going to bed every night. Believe me, sometimes we fall asleep while the stories are still in progress but that doesn’t stop their narration.
This is my brother Ajar. He is a college student. He attends National Institute of Biological Sciences in II M.Sc. microbiology. He wants to be a scientist. And this is my sister Natalya. She is a school girl. She is doing her grade xii at Evergreen International School. She is a voracious reader. She wants to be a short story writer.
One of the powerful forces, if not the most powerful, controlling our life is our habit. Do you agree with me? I hope so. From getting up in the morning to going to bed at night ninety percent of the things we do are habitual.
I am a teacher. I’m an excellent teacher and I want to be more excellent everyday because teaching is the most essential profession, the one that makes every other profession possible. In my opinion, as long as teaching is excellent every service, including teaching itself, will be excellent and all of us will feel life is good. V.S. Ryan
2. Hello! My name is Alison. I am a home maker. My main job is to take care of my husband, children and home. I cook for the family, do the dishes, wash clothes, clean the house and help my children with their home work. At weekends I go shopping to buy provisions for the family.
A: We are news reporters.
As news reporters we visit important places, meet people, interview them, investigate news worthy events, write news stories and get them published. Our duties include collecting information about the problems of the society and serving as a liaison between various departments of the government and the community.
Kumara and Sushi.
A: Of course, with pleasure. I’m Chino Sami. I’m a fourth generation farmer. Our main crops include paddy, banana and green vegetables.
A: Rightly said it’s just a service. We have ten acres of land. My wife and I go to the farm every morning and work till noon. We have two farm assistants. They live in our farm house and take care of the farm. We generate some income to live by and educate our children. We live happily in perfect harmony with our neighbors.
A: Um! They’d never. I have two sons and a daughter. They may leave the village and settle in cities or may even leave the country.
A: In our country farmers cannot survive. The government is very much against the farmers and agriculture. We have lost almost all our water bodies. How could any farmer survive in a country like this?
A: We hope so.
Hello, friends! Good morning everybody. It’s indeed my greatest pleasure describing my neighborhood. I live in the neighborhood of Evergreen village. Evergreen is a farming village. We have gorgeous mountains and luxuriant vegetation around our village and so it is beautiful.
Our village is located between Chennai and Bangalore on the Chennai Bangalore Highway. It’s around forty kilometers to the West of Chennai and there are posh restaurants on both sides of the highway. So tourists from both cities visit our village almost every day.
There are two higher secondary schools, a C.B.S.E. School, four primary schools, two play schools, an athletic complex and a primary health center in our village.
Our parents highly value education. So, all the children go to school. Our villagers are hard workers. Many of our men work in the gulf countries. Some few work in Europe, U.S.A. Australia, Japan and Africa.
We have a village parliament with neighborhood leaders who take care of Education, agriculture, water management, community welfare, sports, entertainment and all essential services. So life is very pleasant and people love everybody and live in perfect harmony. Thank you.
What's the weather like in your neighborhood today? Please describe the weather in your neighborhood. You are welcome to borrow sentences from the sentence bank.
I started school at Evergreen Play school when I was just three. I moved to St. Antony’s Primary School at five and passed my grade five from the same school. I went to St. Antony’s Hr. Sec. School at 10 and passed my Higher Secondary course in 1995. I attended Thirunelveli College of Engineering and passed my Bachelor of engineering degree course in computer science in 1999.
While I was doing my final year, I applied for job in several companies. I attended half a dozen interviews and finally found a job as sales executive in a reputed company. My monthly salary was Rs. 38, 000 and this was quite a good salary for Chennai. I needed this money for my family’s survival in Chennai. So I continued to work for the company.
I am able to work up to my company’s expectations and beyond and so I have been promoted to Marketing Manager and subsequently my salary has been increased to Rs. 85, 000 a month. I am comfortable with my career, but I have a dream, which is to start a school in one of our villages and serve the cause of education.
I know it is extremely expensive and I'll have to save up for years. However, this is fine with me. The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams. And I am one. I know while it is important to dream, the actualization of our dreams is more significant. For that to happen it is essential that we plan our time and work our plan envisioning a happier future for the society we live in.
I have a dream. I want to go to our villages, organize our neighbors into neighborhood communities and open Neighborhood Community Schools in partnership with the members of the community and serve the interests of people particularly education and employment.
J. Vensuslaus, now in his mid-60’s, is an Office Administrator with over thirty five years of experience. At the outset, he served for a couple of years as an understudy at small commercial offices in Mumbai to become familiar with business routines and office administration. He then started off with Steel Authority of India Limited, a Government of India Enterprise, in early 1970’s as an Administration Executive and worked there more than a decade. In this capacity, he was involved with a gamut of commercial and administrative activities. He also functioned as a reporter, attending meetings, preparing and disseminating minutes of such meetings. He was also engaged in the preparation of a slew of management reports.
In the early 1980’s, Vensuslaus moved on to the Middle East to take up a similar assignment with a multinational company where he came in touch with a multiracial, multicultural workforce. His background enabled him to discharge his duties to the entire satisfaction of the management and make contribution to the success of the company. As Administration Officer, among various other things, he had to write a lot on various issues to keep the communication going.
In the year 2000, Vensuslaus moved over to Kuwait to work for an educational training and informational technology consulting company called New Frontiers. His vast experience in administration and his effective writing skills are put to full use. He interacts and coordinates with scores of professors located in different countries, educationists, government officials and professional colleagues. He continues working for this company.
J. Vensuslaus holds a B.A. (Hons) Degree in Economics from the University of Bombay.
He did his schooling at the St. Antony’s School, Azhagappapuram.
He has got a (Maharashtra) government diploma in higher proficiency English Shorthand.
He has been awarded diploma in computer: Microsoft Office.
While in the Middle East, he has attended week-long Effective Writing Workshops conducted by the English Language consultants from the U.S.A.
He extensively writes opinions, comments, anecdotes and stories on Face Book, mostly in English.
J. Vensuslaus is married and has two sons, who are currently working in the U.S.A. as software engineers.
Mom: Breakfast is ready. Hurry up. What are you doing there Nick?
Son: I am watching TV, mom.
Mom: What is daddy doing?
Son: He is polishing my shoes, mom.
Mom: What is grandpa doing?
Son: He is inflating my bike tires.
Mom: What is your sister doing?
Son: She is doing my home work, mom.
Mom: Are you funny? Everybody is working for you and you are simply sitting watching TV.Are you not wasting your precious time? I am coming with a cane.
Son: Oh, no! It’s a little too much.
Grandson: Granny, what are you doing?
Grandma: Look over there. There’s a thirsty crow. I am watching him for fun.
Grandson: Grandma, the crow is looking for something. What is he looking for, granny?
Grandma: He is looking for water to quench his thirst. Hurray, boy! What are you doing?
Grandson: I am filling the birdbath with water.
Grandma: That’s really great. Look! The crow is flying straight down to the birdbath.
Grandson: Look over there granny! What is the crow doing?
Grandma: He is drinking the water. He is slaking his thirst.
Grandson: And now he is cawing. What is he cawing for, granny?
Grandma: He is calling his friends. And look! Many more crows are coming to our garden. They are drinking water to quench their thirst.
Grandson: Some of them are bathing and cooling themselves, too.
Grandma: How clever our crows are! They have always been a symbol of harmony.
Nat: When are you taking your IELTS exam?
Sam: I am taking it next month.
Nat: When is your sister leaving for Canada?
Sam: On December 12.
Nat: Are your family members going with her?
Sam: No, they are leaving a month later, sometime in January 2019.
Nat: And when is your dad returning from Australia?
Sam: Well, he is coming sometime next year.
Nat: Is he coming with a visa for you?
Sam: Of course yes. And I am leaving here immediately after his return.
Ms. Cobra : I told you to clean the windows. What --------you--------- there (do)?
Maid: I ------ --------- (clean) them, madam.
Ms. Cobra: No, you aren’t! You----- just ------- (watch) the kids playing in the yard. When are you going to clean the windows? Do ----- (clean) the windows right now.
Maid: Madam, you ----- always ------ (give) orders. I------ ------ (work) from dawn to midnight without break. When ----- you ------ (allow) me some time to eat and rest, madam?
Ms. Cobra : Time to eat and rest? Are you questioning me? How dare you? Are you not getting salary for your work?
Maid: Salary? How much salary did you promise me at the time of appointment? And how much ---- (be) you ----- (pay) now? Simply sitting and monthly getting bureaucrats like you cannot understand the feelings of the working class. Sorry madam. I can’t work for you any longer. Good bye.
Ms. Cobra: Do you know who I am? I ---- (be) ambassador. I can file a complaint with the police and send you to prison.
Maid: Aha! Talking about prisons? ----(be) there a prison worse than this house? You don’t have to file a complaint, madam. I ------ (have) already------ (file) a complaint against you for visa fraud, holding my pass port, under payment and forced labour. In another few hours cops will come, take you to the court and the law will take its course. Good bye.
Dr. Ramamurthy popularly called “Our Farmers’ Doctor” is in need of a driver. He wants to appoint a person who has a positive attitude to people and work besides impeccable credentials. So he leaves an advertisement at the garden gate of his house calling candidates for interview. Subsequently four candidates appear for the interview. Which candidate gets through the interview? I understand your curiosity about the results. Please watch the play.
Candidate-1: Hi, watchman! Is Dr. Ramamurthy in?
Elderly Person: Yes, may I know who you are?
Candidate 1: I’m a candidate for interview.
E.P. : Oh! I see. Then open the gate and enter.
Candidate-1: You are the watch man, aren’t you?
E. P. : Yes, I am. But, you can open the gate, can’t you?
Candidate-1: It’s your duty to open the gate, isn’t it? Then why don’t you do it?
E.P.: If you want to enter, open the gate yourself. Or stay out.
Candidate-1: Are you going to open the gate or not? I’ll complain to the doctor.
E. P.: Most welcome, gentleman. Please go ahead.
Candidate-1: (Takes his mobile in a hurry, dials the doctor but unfortunately nobody receives the call. He dials some four times in vain and leaves there murmuring.) How arrogant! If the watch man is this arrogant how much more the doctor must be. How could anyone work in an environment like this? This is not a suitable place for me. I must leave here. (leaves)
Candidate-2: Good morning, security.
E. P. : Good morning, sir. Who are you?
C-2: I’m a driver. I’ve come for an interview. Is the doctor in?
E.P: Yes, of course he is in. The gate is already open. Just raise the latch and push the gate in.
C-2: Ok, let me try. (He raises the latch, pushes the gate in and enters.)
Where is the interview going to be held?
E.P.: At the doctor’s clinic. I know you’ve come for interview. But I am in need of help. Would you help me with my work? I’ve been working in the garden since morning. So I’m tired. Could you help me with weeding the garden?
C-2: Sorry, security. I just can’t do such work. I’m a high profile driver so I’ll do only my work. I can’t do anything else.
E.P.: Then you must look for some other person and find work. Our doctor wants a driver who is willing to do any job, gardening primarily, plumbing, electrical works and sometimes domestic chore, too.
C-2: That’s horrible. I just can’t think of it. I think I have come to a wrong place. (Leaves)
Candidate-3: Hello, gentlemen! Is this Dr. Ramamurthy’s residence?
Man-1: Yes, it is.
C-3: Is the doctor in?
Man-1: Yes, he is. May I know who you are?
C-3: I’m a candidate for interview. May I come in?
Man-1: Please come in. You are most welcome.
C-3: But the gate has been fastened. I don’t know how to open it. Could you help me?
Man-2: Just raise the latch. It’ll open.
C-3: (Opens the gate and enters the garden) I’d be pleased to know the venue for the interview.
Man-2: I’ll take you there. But first follow me. We have been trying hard to take the submersible pump out of the sump. But it’s too heavy to lift. Could you help us?
C-3: No, I don’t want to get dirty in the mud.
C.3: Good morning , madam. Is the doctor in?
Woman:Yes, he is. What’s the purpose of your visit?
C. 3: I’m a driver, madam. I have come for interview.
Woman: Welcome. Before you go can you help me with cleaning the fan and the ceiling? I’m unable to reach the roof however hard I try.
C.3: Sorry, madam. I won’t stay here another moment. (Leaves)
Candidate-4: Good morning, sir. I’m driver Ravi. I’ve come for interview. May I come in, sir?
Elderly person: Please come.
C-4 : Thank you, sir. (Opens the gate, enters and voluntarily offers to help the elderly person.) May I help you, sir?
E.P: You are welcome. Are you a passionate gardener?
C-4: Yes, sir. I have a passionate interest in gardening. In fact gardening is my pet hobby, too.
E.P: That’s great. What are the other kinds of work are you skilled at?
C-4: Any work, sir. Plumbing, electrical works, painting, carpentry, masonry…any work.
E.P: You look one very good candidate. Please wait in the parlor.
C-4: Yes, sir. (He proceeds towards the parlor. He sees an elderly woman struggling to clean the roof of the parlor. He volunteers help.)
Excuse me, madam. Can I help you?
Woman: That’s kind of you. I have been making all efforts to clean the roof since morning but I’m unable to reach it. You can clean it after the interview if you prefer so.
C-4: No, madam. I’ll do it right now. ( Takes the broom, climbs up the ladder, cleans the fan and the roof.)
Woman: I very much appreciate your attitude to work and willingness to share work with others. A receptionist will take to the venue for the interview. Till then you can wait in the parlor. So take care.
C-4: Thank you, madam.
Receptionist: Good morning, sir. Are you ready for the interview?
Candidate-4: Yes, madam.
Receptionist: You look one successful candidate. Be confident. Would you like to have a glass of juice?
Candidate: Thank you, madam. (He drinks the juice and the follows her to a room. He is surprised to see the elderly person, the woman and the two young men he had met in the garden sitting around a round table with a copy each of his resume. He is a little scared of the interview panel. Gathering strength he enters the interview room. Having the necessary qualifications and experience he feels confident of getting through the interview. So he enters the room with total self confidence and a cheerful disposition. He looks at the interviewers and greets them making eye contact with each one. The interviewers stand and extend a handshake. He shakes hands with everyone and waits for questions.)
Candidate-4: Good morning everybody. I’m driver Ravi. I’ve come for interview.
Elderly man: Good morning, Mr. Ravi. Nice to meet you. I’m Dr. Rama murthy, general practitioner and Director of “Our Community Healthcare Centre”.
Elderly woman: Well, I’m Dr. Helen Ramamurthy, gynecologist and secretary of this healthcare trust, of course wife of Dr. Ramamurthy.
Man-1: I’m Dr. Kalam, pediatrician. I take care of the newborns, children and young adults. Nice to see you all here in the pleasant morning hours of the day
Man-2: I’m Dr. Moorthy, nutrionist. I advise people on healthy eating habits in order to lead a happy and healthy life. Good to see you here.
Dr. Ramamurthy: Fine. Now is your turn Mr. Ravi. You are welcome to introduce yourself. Hope you feel comfortable with us..
Mr. Ravi: Thank you so much doctor for the opportunity of meeting you all here. I don’t know how I can thank you enough for the warm reception and rich hospitality. I’m a graduate in mechanical engineering. I possess driving licenses for both light and heavy vehicles. I have worked for six years as chauffer, truck driver, delivery van driver and jumbo truck driver both in India and Dubai.
Dr. Helen: That’s really interesting. Please describe your family.
Mr.Ravi: I have a father, a mother, two sisters and a brother. I’m the eldest. My brother and sisters are college students. My father is a driver and my mother, a teacher.
Dr. Kalam: Tell us about your education.
Mr. Ravi: Well, I started school at Government Primary school, Kanyakumari. I went to S.L.B.Higher Secondary School and passed my Higher Secondary Course in 2008. I attended Rohini College of Engineering and graduated in mechanical engineering in 2012. I got my driving license for light vehicles while I was in the final year at college and for heavy vehicles in 2014.
Dr. Ramamurthy: Give us a brief of your work in Dubai?
Mr. Ravi: Well, I worked in a logistics company for two years. It was a challenging but an interesting job. The salary was good and I really wanted to work there at least for some five years. But I had to leave Dubai because my two year visa expired in September 2018.
Dr.Ramamurthy: Dubai is one of the most favored work destinations for our youth, isn’t it?
Mr. Ravi: Yes, Doctor it is.
Dr. Ramamurthy: Fine, any idea of going back to Dubai?
Mr. Ravi: Um, arrangement for my marriage is in progress. So I must be here at least for another two years.
Dr. Helen Ramamurthy: That’s fine. Wish you a good partner to share life with. We are satisfied with your qualifications and experience. If appointed, when will you be able to join duty, Mr. Ravi.
Mr. Ravi: Can I join today, madam?
Dr. Helen: Why not? You are welcome to join today.
Dr. Kalam: We appreciate your positive attitude to work. You’ve already started working with us. So you are welcome to continue. If everything else is fine how long would you work here?
Mr. Ravi: For a reasonable period of two years.
Dr. Moorthy: That’s great. How much salary do you expect?
Mr. Ravi: I’d be pleased to have Rs. 25,000 per month to start with.
Dr. Ramamurthy: Well, you’ll have Rs. 25,000 for an eight hour duty and for overtime work you’ll be paid in proportion to time. Is that ok?
Mr. Ravi: Thank you doctor.
Dr. Ramamurthy: So, congratulations.
Panel: Congratulations Mr. Ravi. Hope you’ll enjoy your work.
Mr. Ravi : Thank you, everybody. I shall work to your expectation and beyond.
Dr. Ramamurthy: We appreciate your positive attitude to work. You can collect the key from the office and start your work. Be ready at 2 O’clock. Today we go to our farm. That’s your first duty. We start workingfrom the farm. Hope you’ll enjoy working with us.
I do enjoy the work and the environment, doctor. Thank you. (Collects the car key from the office, cleans the car and gets ready for work.)
The essence of education is the celebration of every person, particularly children, everywhere, every moment. Every child is a potential winner. Celebrations at school such as sports day, annual day, patron’s day, children’s day, parent’s day, grand parents’ day and Independence Day are opportunities for children to unlock their potential, discover talents, learn skills and display them to fellow students and others. It is an occasion for getting together and sharing fun to cheer up one another, too. So we celebrate sports day in a grand manner in our St. Patrick’s academy every year.
This year we celebrated our sports day in a grand manner on September 12, 2018. We had the pleasure of having our Kung fu master as our chief guest. The chief guest hoisted the national flag, delivered the inaugural address and started off the series of events which had already been planned for the day.
We had events such as 100 meter and 200 meter sprints, variety of other races including relay race, shot put and jumps. All our aspirant athletes participated with great enthusiasm. Our school children entertained the spectators by staging dances and performing mass drills.
In our St. Patrick’s Academy the school children have been divided into four houses, Azad, Gandhi, Tagore and Prasad. As part of preparation for our sports day our competitors have to undergo a selection process, first within each house and then at school level. Only those who get through the selection process will represent their respective houses in the sports day meet. While the house reps compete with one another to win, the other members sit comfortably in their tents and support their heroes by clapping and cheering up. Our chief guest, our principal and teachers and our parents are with us the whole day sharing the joy of the celebration. Their graceful presence is a blessing and a great motivation for all of us.
After the events were over the chief guest, our kung fu master, delivered the day’s message emphasizing the importance of physical education and sport. As well as helping children to be more competitive, school sports day is also an occasion to enjoy a day in the sunshine sharing company with school community. Children relax while they learn skills and entertain themselves and others while they relax.
It has been proved that participation in sport is important to the holistic development of children and young people. So parents should encourage children to participate in sport meets and celebrate participation and achievement equally. He said it was also an occasion to learning team spirit and mastering the art of community living.
Having accomplished the day’s tasks our captains de hoisted the flag and handed it over to our principal. It was a memorable day and we cherish the memory of the day enjoying life in its fullness. I hope our sports day next year would be more entertaining and enriching than this year’s.
Grade vi, St. Patrick’s Academy, Bangalore
The Past Time can be expressed in four different ways:
1. By using the Past Simple
2. By using the Past Continuous
3. By using the Past Perfect
4. By using the Past Perfect Continuous
• Last summer I was in Madagascar. My parents were with me, too.
• A Malagasy narrated the history of Madagascar. It was interesting.
• We were very happy.
• Madagascar was an uninhabited island for centuries.
• About 800 A.D. Arabs started sailing to Madagascar.
• Sea faring people of Southeast Asia were the first voyagers who set foot on Madagascar.
• Diego Dias who was blown off course on the way to India landed in Madagascar on August 10, 1500. He named the island St. Lawrence.
• In the 1500 s Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English traders made several attempts to establish business in Madagascar.
• All their attempts failed because natives of Madagascar were hostile to the Europeans.
• A fifteen year old Erasmus discovered South Africa’s first diamond on the banks of the Orange River near Hopetown.
• The Eureka Diamond was the first diamond discovered in South Africa.
• My grandpa served in the army during the freedom struggle.
• My brother and I went to school together when we were in the village.
• In her younger days grandma always walked to the market.
• We spent our early childhood in South Africa.
• I lived in Denmark until I was twenty.
• They spent a week with the Rogers in France last summer.
> I don’t like my school. I wish I could go to a better school.
> That’s a dark and dusty room. I wish I would clean it first.
> I always have to get up early. I wish I could sleep a little longer.
• London is very crowded. I wish I lived somewhere in a village.
• Our neighbors often pick quarrels and make noise. I wish they lived in harmony.
• School children always wish they had fun loving young teachers.
• I wish our politicians and religious heads weren’t so corrupt.
• Maya behaves as if she hailed from a royal family.
• If I had the money now I would start a school.
• It’s time you went to office.
• I’m busy at the moment – I’d rather you came tomorrow.
Guide: Good morning, Isabel!
Isabel: Happy good morning, sir!
Guide: By the way, do you speak English fluently?
Isabel: I’m sorry I don’t and that’s why I don’t get a job.
Guide: Well, you don’t have to worry about it because English is easy to learn. Do you want to speak English fluently?
Isabel: Of course, I want to achieve great fluency in a short period of time. How do people generally build up fluency?
Guide: Very simple, by listening to English and speaking English people generally achieve fluency. Well, you have a sweet voice so people will listen to you. One more thing, your stories must be short and sweet, too. So make sure your stories are short and sweet.
Isabel: Thank you for the compliment and advice. But, um where do we get short and sweet stories?
Guide: They are within you, well within you. All you have to do is to discover them, write them, read them and narrate them to anyone you come across. Would you like to have some sample stories?
Isabel: I hope so.
Guide: Here you are. Read our stories to start with. One day I’ll listen to your stories. Good luck, Isabel.
Isabel: Thank you so much.
Guide: You are welcome.
1. Do you believe in ghosts?
One fine morning a religious preacher preached a sermon on gods and ghosts. Sermon over, the preacher asked the congregation whether they believed in gods or ghosts. The question astonished everyone. What a nice surprise! An elderly lady stood up and asked the preacher if he believed in ghosts. To everyone’s shock, the preacher said ‘no’ and vanished.
2. Mr. Perfect
Mr. Perfect wanted to be perfect in everything he did. As usual he got ready and went to the dining hall for breakfast. His wife said breakfast was not ready yet. Hungry and angry he hurried out and called for his driver. As there was no response he lost his temper and booked a cab. The cab arrived in a couple of minutes and Mr. Perfect boarded the vehicle in haste. Fortunately there was no traffic so Mr. Perfect reached his office in good time. Unfortunately, the office door had not been opened yet. Furious as he was, he shouted at the security guard to open the office. Shaking with fear, the guard told Mr. Perfect as it was a public holiday no one had reported to work. Mr. Perfect realized that he himself had declared a holiday to the office but he had forgotten that.
On an auspicious day a professional preacher preached a long sermon on the evils of wasting time. One by one the congregation left the place of worship. The preacher wondered why everybody left. Later it transpired that people understood time was precious and priceless for everyone. So they left there to use their time properly.
4. Chinese Stories (Interactive)
You are welcome to interact with your guide.
At the beginning of time the world was nothing but a great, swirling, black mass. The skies and the earth were not separated; the sun and the moon were still unformed; the seas and mountains had not taken shape. It looked like a great dark murky egg.
Guide: Hello, Sophie! Are you ready to interact with me?
Sophie: Well, I am.
Guide: What was the world like in the beginning?
Guide: Were the skies and the earth separated?
Guide: How about the sun and the moon?
Guide: And the seas and mountains?
Guide: What did the world look like?
In this egg the giant Pan Gu was born. He grew up in the darkness and slept for many thousands of years. When he finally woke up he decided he would create order in the world.
Guide: Who was born in that egg?
Guide: Where did he grow up?
Guide: How long did he sleep?
Guide: What did he decide to do when he woke up?
He took an axe in his hands and split the egg apart. The lighter parts in the egg rose up and became the sky, the heavier parts sank down to form the earth.
Guide: How did Pan Gu split the egg apart?
Guide: What happened when the egg was split apart?
Pan Gu did not want the sky and earth to crash together again so he stretched as much as he could. He pushed the sky up with his hands and stamped the earth down with his feet. He stayed like this for many centuries until he was sure the sky and earth were solid enough not to fall together again.
Guide: Why did Pan Gu push the sky up and stamp the earth down?
Guide: How long did he stay like that?
Pan Gu was now very weary and tired. He decided to rest and soon fell asleep. He was so old and tired that he fell into a deeper and deeper sleep. Slowly he drifted away into death.
Guide: What made him fall asleep?
Guide: How did he die?
When he died something very peculiar happened. His breath turned into the wind and clouds. His voice became thunder. His left eye became the moon and his right eye became the sun. The mountains and rivers in the world grew out of his body and limbs. The hairs on his body turned into trees, flowers and plants. Even the ticks that lived on his body turned into the animals and fishes of the earth.
So we have the giant Pan Gu to thank for the world and everything in it.
Guide: Could you enlighten us on what happened when he died?
Sophie: Of course with pleasure!-------------------------------------------------------------
Guide: Great! We simply enjoy every syllable of your narration.
Guide: Do we have to thank Pan Gu? What for?
Guide: Congratulations, Sophie. Your narration was simple, clear, vivid and interesting.
Activity-1: Describe a truly memorable experience.
The Scary Dino Cricket.
It was on October 6, 2018, a pleasant Sunday evening when my friends called me for playing and I accepted the call and went to play with them. As soon as I started riding on my bicycle a gigantic cricket, looking like a mini dinosaur, settled on my right arm. Struck with fear, I fell off my bike. I tried to get up but I couldn’t. To my shock I sensed something had gone wrong. Yes I saw a fracture in my right hand. My hand was bent and was hanging as if there was no bone inside. And the pain was horrible and unbearable. So I started crying for my parents.
Mr. Vijay, our neighbor, came down to rescue me. In the mean time I had crawled to the basement of my apartment. He comforted me saying nothing had gone wrong, it was just a small injury that could be fixed easily. I felt really comforted by the very touch of Vijay uncle. Then my parents came and took me to Dr. Kamatchi Memorial Hospital.
The doctor came immediately and I was taken to the operation theater. As I had taken milk before the incident had happened they couldn’t give me anesthesia. So I had to tolerate the pain until 10.30 pm. After anesthesia I couldn’t see what they were doing. When I came to consciousness all I could see was a pouch arm sling on my right hand, fortunately painless.
I had to be in the hospital for a day. It’s quite boring as I had nothing to do there. I returned home the next day. The worst thing was I had to be on medical leave for six weeks. In the mean time S A-1 exams began. I didn’t know how to prepare for the exam. But my best buddy, my grandma, came to save me from appearing for the exam unprepared. She guided me through my preparation and you won’t believe I scored high in all my subjects, much higher than I used to score in my previous exams. No wonder I cherish the memory of the day with the scary cricket.
Master Aashish Antony,
Grade IV, St. John’s Public School, Chennai
Activity-2: Describe a radio programme that you found interesting
Last Friday while I was cooking dinner for my family I could listen to a radio program aired by All India Radio. It was hosted by School Children. Children provided us with a wealth of information, updated us on the latest developments in the country, shared breaking news and entertained us with popular rock songs. Well, I liked the program and enjoyed it very much because I could work in a relaxed mood listening to songs and news updates.
Activity-3: Describe an important event that you celebrated
We celebrated my grandma’s birthday on January 15. It was important because she turned seventy five on that day, moreover, it was an occasion for all our family members to get together and chat for a long time after a long break. My grandma and grandpa are very healthy and look amazingly young. They have eight grand children and four great grand children, too.
Furthermore we wanted to celebrate the day in a grand manner. So we had invited all our neighbors and friends. As expected all the invitees attended the birthday celebration together. Apart from family, friends and neighbors my grandma's former students, colleagues and their children were with us the whole day.
The party was celebrated at our farm house, in fact, not far from our house. My parents and I went there around 8 a.m. I didn't know my grandparents were already there. So I was greatly surprised to see my grandma receiving the guests with a glass of farm fresh orange juice. Almost all the invitees came to greet my grandma with gifts of love.
At the stroke of ten my grandma came out with a birthday cake much to the surprise of all of us. It was a huge banana cake laced with homemade wine and topped with juicy mango slices. There were seventy five candles of different colors artfully arranged around the cake. Around 10.30 a.m. grandpa lit the candles and handed over an easily disposable birthday knife to my grandma. Excitedly grandma blew out the candles and cut the cake amid clapping and cheering. With a glow of joy grandpa received the first piece and shared it with grandma. Then the cake was sliced and distributed to the guests. All of us stood around and sang birthday songs.
Finally grandma thanked everyone and treated us to lunch at her garden restaurant.Wow! It was a delicious full course lunch. Everyone enjoyed every bit of the wholesome lunch and had a lot of fun singing, dancing, playing games and taking photos with grandma. The lunch, of course, was fragrant, spicy, juicy and sumptuous. Well, we cherish the memory of the great day every moment and we will for ever.
A. Sumitha Bharathi, INCIDE Academy
Please read the sentences, answer the questions and prepare a dialogue and then practice reading it with a friend or your online facilitator.
• Ms. Charley was a great math teacher but a strict disciplinarian. She always taught mathematics with a look of grim determination to achieve results. Everybody enjoyed her classes but many didn’t like her strict rules.
• Her Students worked hard for long hours and no wonder they always scored high in exams.
• Ms. Charley bought a book entitled “Be a good finder” and presented it to her students as a New Year gift. All of them read it and understood they had long been fault finders.
• Last Friday Ms. Charley’s cab was caught in a traffic jam and so she had to wait on the road for over two hours. She was consequently unable to arrive at school in time and felt very sad.
• But the principal, being a good finder, said it was not her fault. Ms. Charley thanked the principal with a smile and left for the class.
• Her students received her cheerfully because they were unusually happy that day. Surprised as she was she asked them why they were so excited.
They said they had a happy break from formulas and theorems.
1. What kind of teacher was Ms. Charley?
2. Why did she always look grim?
3. Did all her students like her? Why? Why not?
4. Did her students score high in exams? If yes, how?
5. What was Ms. Charley’s New Year gift to her students?
6. Why did Ms. Charley arrive unusually late at school?
7. How did the principal receive her?
8. How did her students receive her? Why?
Formation of the Past Simple
Rules to follow…
1. Regular past simple forms are formed by adding -ed to the infinitive of the verb.
2. If a verb ends in ‘ e’ we add ‘d’ to form the past simple.
3. If a verb ends in a vowel and a consonant, the consonant is usually doubled before –‘ed’.
4. If a verb ends in consonant and -y, we take off the y and add –‘ied’ to form the simple past.
5. But if the word ends in a vowel and ‘y’, we add –‘ed’ to form the past simple.
Some verbs are irregular. There are no rules to follow so we have to learn the words.
English Language Enrichment Activities
Activity- 1: Please read the model and then describe yours
My neighbourhood- model presentation
My name is Mary. I live at 44/A4, Golden Street , Nagercoil. I have lots of loving neighbours. They are friendly and helpful. I have four next-door neighbours – Nabila lives to my North, Kumasi to the South, Lakshmi to the west and Jegatha to the East.
Every morning I leave for work at 8 o’ clock, and I always work till 4 p.m. Back home my children, husband and I usually talk about kids’ classes, teachers, dinner and the weather.
At weekends we generally go for picnics, often to the nearest mountains, beaches, lakes or rivers. Kumasi lives opposite me at A 6-304. Whenever we go out he takes care of our cows and dog. When Kumasi and his family go away, I feed their goldfish and look after their cats and dogs.
Lakshmi lives at 44/ A2 . She has two small children and sometimes I babysit them for her when she works late. Nabila lives at number 44/ A1. She is quite nosey and likes to know everything about neighbours. She is a gossip columnist. Jegatha lives with her husband two blocks away.
They are quite old and don’t go out much. They love it when people drop in to see them and chat with them over a glass of juice. They often talk about the old days when they were school kids. They narrate stories about what our villages were like some fifty years ago, the incredibly varied landscape, rivers that filled lakes every monsoon, majestic mountains and the huts set in idyllic surroundings. Those sacraments of nature are lost but a friendly neighbourhood persists.
Activity-2: Please read the description of my home library and then answer the questions.
Our Home Library
My dear friends! You are welcome .We have an amazing home library.
In our family my grandparents, my parents, brothers, sisters,… everybody loves reading and so my parents have collected different kinds of books. We certainly feel great when in the company of our favorite authors.
We have children's encyclopedias, dictionaries, globes, novels, short stories, great works of Shakespeare and Milton, Thirukural and a good collection of modern poetry and bed time stories.
We have arranged our books in open shelves so it is easy to take our choice books and read them. As we have learned to use our time reading books we don't waste our time watching substandard movies and serials on TV. Thank you.
Benefits of a home library
1. Children pick up books and start reading.
2. They cultivate the habit of reading.
3. Home libraries offer more chances of reading books of different kinds.
4. Family members can sit together and share knowledge.
5. Reading enhances the self confidence level of children.
6. Reading helps children score high in exams.
7. Children learn the habit of treasuring books and keeping them well organized.
8. A home library is a great source of healthy home entertainment, too.
1. Do you have a home library?
2. How often do you visit your home library?
3. What kind of books do you read most?
4. Who is your favorite author?
Activity-3: Please practice the dialogue with a friend and prepare a dialogue using the questions given below and your answers.
A: Why is a kitchen an important room in a house?
B: Are you funny? Kitchen is not an important room. It is the most important room in a house because the most important thing, our food, is prepared here.
A: You are right. Do you like cooking?
B: Well, I like cooking and on special occasions like birth days, festivals and picnics. I cook along with my mom and dad.
A: Great! What are the utensils you have in your kitchen?
B: We have almost all the essential tools to cook the kind of food we generally eat. They are,
cookers of different sizes, an oven with four burners, a grinder, a mixer, cups, glasses, a cutting board, a coffee maker, a 24 piece cutlery set, fruit bowls, frying pans, a fridge, a dish washer, an egg beater and some cooking vessels and plates. Sorry we have garbage bags and two garbage cans, too.
A: Wow! How do you dispose of garbage?
B: We don’t throw anything out. We segregate the garbage generated at home. We have two compost bins in our garden where we put all the biodegradable waste to make compost for our garden. And the non biodegradable waste is kept in bags and handed over to the garbage pickers.
A: What do the garbage pickers do with the non biodegradable waste?
B: They send it to the local recycling plant.
A: You are doing a great national service. Thank you. Good bye.
B: Nice talking to you, bye.
Prepare a dialogue using the questions and your answers and then practice it with a friend.
When’s your breakfast?
Where do you generally have your breakfast?
What’s your favorite breakfast?
Who prepares food at home?
What do you generally talk about while having your breakfast?
How do you dispose of garbage generated at home?
What are the different methods of waste disposal followed in your home town?
⇨ The past continuous is used to express an action that was in progress for a temporary period in the past.
⇨ The past continuous is used to talk about what was already happening at a particular past moment.
⇨ We generally use the past continuous at the beginning of stories.
⛯ I was playing foot ball all last evening.
⛯ You were talking to your boss while I was waiting at the door.
⛯ You were taking a shower when the post man came to deliver a letter.
⛯ You were sleeping when dad left the house.
⛯ While Mullen was driving to office, his car broke down.
⛯ Santana was getting breakfast ready while her husband was doing the dishes.
⛯ The doctor was taking a rest when I knocked at the door.
⛯ It was raining all last night.
⛯ We were waiting for the bus when it started raining.
⛯ You all were watching T V when the thief entered the house.
⛯ My dad and I were listening to grandma’s stories all last night.
⛯ All of us were taking bath twice a day when we were at school.
⛯ At this time yesterday our farmers were desilting the irrigation canals.
⛯ Mom was cooking dinner when the guests arrived. So she felt a little embarrassed.
⛯ A public examination was in progress. Forty students were writing their exam. One boy was copying off another student. The teacher caught him red- handed.
⛯Power went off when I was doing my homework. I felt very happy. When I was watching a movie my mom turned off the television. I felt very angry.
⛯All last night the wind was blowing fiercely.
⛯It was midnight. I was watching a scary movie. There was a knock at the door. I thought it was a ghost. I opened the door. My dog was wagging its tail.
1. Q: What--------- (be) the children (do) when you ------ (get) home?
A: They-----------(be) ------(Play) in the hall.
2. Q: What happened when you-------(be)--------(wait) at the bus stop?
A: It------ (start) raining.
3. Q: Why ------ (do) grandpa-------(get) angry?
A: He -------(get) angry because our dog------- (be) ------- (bark) while he----(be) --------- (read) the papers.
4. Q: How-------(do) the accident---------- (happen)?
A: It---------(happen) because the driver ------(be) -------(greet)his friends over a mobile.
5. Q: What ------ (do) you------ (do) when you-------(see) the accident?
A: As soon as I--------- (see) the accident I-------- (call) the ambulance.
6. Q: Where-------(be) you--------(work) when we first-------(meet)? Do you-----(remember)?
A: I -----(be)------(work) as a receptionist at a nursing home.
7. Q: What -------(be) the class room like when the principal------- (enter)?
A: It------(be) in an awful mess. The boys------ (be)------ (run) around while the girls------(be)------- (scribble) away furiously on the walls.
8. Q: Excuse me madam. Can you tell me what you ------(be)------(do) at 10 o’clock yesterday?
A: I-------(be-------)(give) the final year students detailed instructions on the procedure to be followed at the campus interview.
9. Q: Our neighbours ---------(be)---------(make) too much noise all last night. I ------ (can) not sleep at all. What--------- (be) their problem?
A: They-------(be)--------- (have) a quarrel over sharing corporation water.
10. Q: What--------(be)--------(do) when they --------(be)--------(quarrel)?
A: I -------(be)--------- (take) photos.
⇨ We use the past perfect to show that one activity in the past happened before another in the past.
⇨ When two activities are reported in a sentence, we use the past perfect.
1. I had passed the exam before I applied for the job.
2. Your message had reached the office before you came.
3. My dad had arrived at the airport when we reached there.
4. When the minister came the meeting had already started.
5. A patient rang the Dr. Salami’s doorbell at 6.30 yesterday but she had already left the clinic.
6. When Alex opened the suit case he realized he had opened a fellow passenger’s suit case.
7. My dad had cooked breakfast when my mom got up so she was very happy.
8. When the air hostess brought dinner most of the passengers had started sleeping.
9. Israel had destroyed a great part of Lebanon when it agreed to ceasefire.
10.We had locked the door before we left the house.
⇨We use the past perfect in the ‘if clause’ and a ‘modal verb’ in the main clause when we talk about a particular thing which did not happen in the past.
1. If I had studied well I would have scored high in the examination.
2. If Kannagi had been wise she would have saved her husband.
3. If Devi had been prudent, she would not have spent all her salary.
4. If Husain had started on time he would have broken his own previous record.
We use past perfect in sentences such as:
1. The nurse asked me to wait until she had taken my temperature.
2. The doctor advised me rest until I had recovered my strength.
3. Ms. Diana asked her mom to take care of her baby until she had done the dishes.
4. My friends advised me to enter the church after the pastor had finished the sermon.
Once there-------(live) a gentleman. He--------- (call) himself Mr. Perfect. So he --------(want) to be perfect in everything he did. In his capacity as chairman of the company he ------(have)------ (draw)up a new disciplinary code which--------- (include) regular attendance and punctuality. He was undoubtedly a positive role model of his employees.
One auspicious day, as usual, Mr. Perfect-------(get) ready to go to work at 9 a.m. Unfortunately his driver -------(have)not--------( report) to work. He-----( get) wild and----- (rush) to the bus station. Before he--------( reach) the station the bus -------(have)------( leave). Disappointed he ---------(hurry) to the railway station. Surprisingly the train-------( have)-----(leave)a little earlier that particular day.
MR. Perfect-------( lose) his temper and------ (ring) his office. The security guard-------( receive) the call and--------( say) nobody--------( have)--------( come) to the office as it------(be) a public holiday. Mr. Perfect--------( realize) that he himself--------( have)--------( declare) a holiday to the office but he-------( have)--------( forget) that.
Dreams were very important to the ancient Egyptians. They believed the gods could communicate with you through your dreams. They also believed that dreams could foretell the future. For example, if an ancient Egyptian dreamed of drinking warm beer, he or she could expect to have something unfortunate happen to them quite soon. A dream like that would send an ancient Egyptian hurrying to an amulet maker, in the hopes of warding off this future evil.
For a while, people slept now and then in the temples so the gods could speak to them in their dreams, and give them clues to future events. This fad had to be discouraged finally by the temple priests because too many people wanted to sleep in the temples at the same time. Instead, the concept of oracles sprang up. Ancient Egyptians could sleep in their own home, have a dream, and then bring their dream to a priest who could interpret it for them. This worked much better, and gave the priests added payment in the form of food or goods.
1. amulet- /ˈæmjulət/=a piece of jewellery that some people wear because they think it protects them from bad luck, illness, etc.
2. ward off = to protect or defend yourself against danger, illness, attack, etc
3. fad /fæd/= something that people are interested in for only a short period of time
4. oracle/ˈɒrəkl= (in ancient Greece) a place where people could go to ask the gods for advice or information about the future; the priest or priestess through whom the gods were thought to give their message
1. Are dreams important to you? Why? Why not?
2. How often do you have dreams?
3. Are they good dreams or bad dreams?
4. Do you believe that dreams can foretell the future? Why? Why not?
5. Who is an amulet maker?
6. Do you ever go to amulet makers? Why? Why not?
7. Why did the ancient Egyptians sleep in the temples?
8. What does an oracle mean?
9. What did the priests at the oracle do for the ancient Egyptians?
10. Do you always remember your dreams? Why? Why not?
One day, when Albert Einstein was a small boy, his father brought him a compass. It was a small toy to entertain him. Albert trembled with excitement as he looked at the 'magic' needle turning towards North. He was too young to understand the principle of magnetism, yet he felt that he was in an enchanted world. For him, the compass was not a plaything but a miracle.
In 1921, Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics for his contribution to physics and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. He developed the theory of general relativity, which was a revolution in physics. Einstein is hence regarded as the father of modern physics and one of the most prolific intellects in human history.
Once, the Queen of Belgium invited him to pay her a visit. He got down from the train with a suitcase in one hand and a violin in the other, and started on foot for the palace. He did not know that a reception committee was waiting for him at the station.
The Queen's officials looked for him all around. At last they returned to the palace to inform the Queen that Einstein had most probably changed his mind about coming. And suddenly, they saw the dusty figure of a little gray-haired man coming up the road.
“Why didn't you use the car I sent for you?" asked the Queen. The guest looked at her with a smile and answered, "It was a very pleasant walk, Your Majesty." Einstein hated wealth. He would have none of it. Peace, he said, was what the world needed, and that could not be bought with money. Unfortunately, this lover of peace had to witness two World Wars during his lifetime.
1. What did Einstein’s father present him when he was a small boy?
2. Why was the toy compass a miracle for Einstein?
3. Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize. When? What was the prize for?
4. Why is Einstein regarded as the father of modern physics?
5. What is the name of the queen who invited Einstein to her palace?
6. Why did Einstein walk to the palace?
7. What does the world need, wealth or peace?
8. Can peace be bought with money?
9. What do people search for, peace or wealth? Why?
10. How many world wars has the world witnessed?
Honorable principal, respected teachers and my dear friends! It’s indeed my greatest pleasure meeting you all in the pleasant hours of the day and share thoughts on the “Relevance of Fables to Real Life”
First of all I thank the Almighty, the founders, our dear principal and teachers and the organizers of this seminar who have given me this platform to present my paper on “The Relevance of Fables to Real Life”.
Aesop was a slave and a storyteller. He is believed to have lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 564 B.C. We live in an “Age of Artificial Intelligence”. But his fables have significant relevance to the development we see today in our lives, personal, social, political and spiritual as well. To illustrate this fact I have chosen just four stories from Aesope’s fables, “The Thirsty Crow”, The Fox and the Crow”, “The Father and his Sons”, and “The Lazy Horse”.
Once there lived a crow. It was thirsty. It wanted to quench its thirst. It flew everywhere in search of water. There was no water anywhere. It was very tired but it didn’t give up its search. At last the crow found a jar with very little water at the bottom. The crow tried to reach the water but it couldn’t. It believed it could drink the water so the how it could came from within. The crow thought of a plan. He collected some pebbles and dropped them into the jar. The water level rose up. The crow drank the water, quenched its thirst and flew away happily.
The crow had a need, need for water. What did the crow do to fulfill the need? It thought of a plan and worked the plan. At last it fulfilled its need and had need satisfaction. Similarly we come across needs and problems in life. Those who run away from problems don’t achieve anything in life. Those who persevere and persist in their efforts to find solution achieve goals and live better every new moment.
The founders of our school are positive role models. They can be cited for their vision, mission, planning, organizing, executive and evaluative skills. Half a century ago they came to Kanyakumari district with a need to serve the cause of education while our people had a thirst for education. They envisioned the school we have today and the educated and enlightened community we are today even when they had not started the school. So they were able to craft a mission, set goals, plan the project, organize people, draft schedules and execute them. They received feedbacks at every stage of progress and brought in changes for the better. The result is a great dream has come true. St. Alphonsa Matric Higher Secondary School has become the most favored study destination for the children of our district. We enjoy learning for career and life in a learner friendly environment guided by fun loving high profile educators.
What is the relevance of the fable of the Thirsty Crow to the achievement of our dear founders?
They were motivated by the story of the crow. You may wonder how? They started where the crow had left.
The average weight of a crow’s brain is just 15 grams. The average weight of an adult human brain is 1,400 to 1,500 grams. So we can be a hundred times more creative, more innovative and more productive. We have proved that by inventing new things towards making life more comfortable. Just think about the smart classrooms, the internet, and the computers. Every invention makes learning an enjoyable experience and life easier and more comfortable. A day may come when we will have robots to teach us and guide us to achieve excellence in life and career. There’s a consequent threat, too. What will happen if admissions were restricted to robot students alone?
In addition to listening to teachers we have seminars like this, interactive workshops, group discussions and debates which make teaching and learning interesting and effective. All these great developments have a humble beginning in the messages hidden the fables.
We learn the power of unity from the story of “The Father and Sons”. We learn to think before we leap from the story of “The Fox and the Goat”. The fable of “The Fox and the Crow” teaches us how to be careful with conmen. Like that every story of Aesop has an enlightening message to convey.
My dear friends our elder citizens often complain that there is a decline in moral standards. How are we going to revive the declining standard of moral values? In my opinion inclusion of Aesope’s fables in our syllabus can be an effective means to maintaining moral standards because each story conveys a life changing message and a lesson to teach. Thank you everybody for the good time you have shared with me listening to me. Now is time for your questions, feedbacks and sharing thoughts. Please feel free to ask me any question.
1. How many of you are in the habit of reading?
2. How many of you are in the habit of reading fables?
3. Do you all have a home library?
4. What kind of books do you generally read?
5. Do you generally share thoughts, messages and the lessons you learn from stories with friends? Why? Why not?
6. Do you really appreciate the speech?
7. Narrate a story you recently read and enjoyed. Share the message the story conveys, please.
8. How many public meetings have you addressed so far?
9. Why are some people afraid of public speaking?
10. What are your tips for improving our public speaking skills?
Hello everybody! We invite you to our Summer-2019 Auditions.
Our auditions are easy and interesting. You don’t have to memorize dialogues. You will just read from the script. Hope you’ll enjoy audition, show off and qualify for our talent shows and movies.
Goliath: Ha.. ha..ha..ha..! Oh, Israel! Why come out in battle formation? I’m a philistine hero and you are Saul’s servants. Choose one of your men and have him come down to me. If he beats me in the combat and kills me, we’ll be your slaves. But if I beat him and kill him, you shall be our slaves and you shall serve us. I’m ready to fight. Are you? Ha..ha..ha..ha..! Give me your man.
Scene-2: David’s Victory
Goliath: Ha..ha..ha..ha..! Am I a dog that you come against me with a staff?
David: No, I thought you were a fox.
Goliath: Call me a fox? How dare you? Come here to me. I’ll leave your flesh for the birds of the air and the beasts of the field.
David: Why are you shouting your heads off?
Goliath: Shouting my heads off? How dare you? I am armed with bronze helmets, sword and spear.
David: Poor fellow! I pity you. I am armed with courage and confidence.
Goliath: Do you know the power of my muscles?
David: Do you know the power of my spirit?
Goliath: I am a Philistine warrior.
David: I’m my Lord’s messenger.
Goliath: I’ve come to fight you.
David: I’ve come to pass you a message.
Goliath: What’s that message you rat?
David: Listen carefully you brute. Today the Lord delivers you into my hand. I will strike you down and kill you. This very day I’ll leave your corpse for the birds of the air and the beasts of the field. So long your pride ruled your will. And today that pride will doom you to die.
Oh! Goliath! Poor Goliath! Num with cold, no longer a hero, no longer a warrior! Let your end be a lesson to all invaders.
⇨The Past Perfect Continuous is used to express an action / a state of being which began before a certain time in the past and continued up to that time. Please note that we rarely use the Past Perfect Continuous.
⇨We use the Past Perfect Continuous form to show that an action took place either continuously or repeatedly over a period of time in the past extending up to a definite time in the past.
The past perfect continuous is formed with had been and the ‘ing’ form of the verb.
1. I had been working in Chennai for five years before I left for Newzealand.
2. We had been studying in Denmark when we left for China.
3. You had been lying unconscious for four days when you were conscious again.
4. The British had been selling opium in China for years when they were expelled.
5. My friends had been working in Kuwait for ten years when the Iraq war broke out.
6. Monish had been studying in Mumbai for four years. No wonder he was able to speak Hindi fluently when finally he left there.
7. Usha was very weak after recovery. She had been suffering a stroke for months.
8. Our dog was out of breath. He had been running behind our car.
9. Ella was very tired when she arrived home. She had been walking all the way home.
10. When my children came into the house their clothes were very dirty, their hair was untidy and their boots were covered in mud because they had been playing in a muddy pond.
11. Today I got up very late and looked out of the window. The Sun was shining bright but the ground was wet. It had been raining the whole night.
12. When I met Mira and Thana they had been fishing in the spillway for hours.
Q: Our farmers didn’t want to leave their village though the government ------- ------ ( destroy) all the water bodies because they ------ ------- ------- (live) there all their life.
A: Our farmers didn’t want to leave their village though the government had destroyed all their water bodies because they had been living there all their life.
A: Our farmers didn’t want to leave their village though the government had destroyed all their water bodies because they had been living there all their life.
1. Ryan was a wonderful teacher. He ------ ------ -------- (teach)and learning Greek and Mathematics ever since he was a graduate.
2. My students-------- ------- -------(play) matches every weekend but they couldn’t play last week as it was raining.
3. The tourists -------- -------- ------- (stay) in our farm house since they arrived here last month but they had to move out yesterday.
4. We-------- -------- -------- (watch) our children’s talk shows every Sunday but we missed the last show.
5. The Red Indians--------- -------- --------- (live) happily for centuries when Columbus and his men entered America.
Patient: Good afternoon doctor. I have…
Doctor: (Pointing the patient to a small cot) Lie down.
Patient: But I don’t have any problem. So I don’t need to lie down ,sir. Please listen to me first.
Doctor: (A little annoyed) I don’t have to listen to you. Lie down first , then we’ll talk.
Patient: (Expressing helplessness obeys doctor’s orders and lies on the cot).
Doctor: Now tell me. What’s your problem?
Patient: Doctor, I have no problem. I have already stated I have no problem.
Doctor: (Angry) Then why are you wasting my time?
Patient: I told your fellow outside about my purpose. But he insisted that I stood in queue and that I would be allowed to see you only when my turn came. So I waited in the queue. When my turn came, I entered your cabin.
Doctor: (Wild with anger) Oh, hell! What’s your purpose?
Patient: I’m from the telephone exchange. I’ve come to check up the problem with your phone. You’ve registered a complaint.
Doctor: Why didn’t you tell me in the first place?
Patient: Did you have the patience to listen to me? Neither your fellow outside nor did you listen to me. What can I do? Sorry doctor, I’ve other appointments. Bye.
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